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Minnesota State

Academic Overview Key Fact

Institutional Characteristics

Next table compares basic academic information between Minnesota State. By school type, There are 43 public and 77 private schools in Minnesota State. By school level, There are 70 four years or high schools , 36 at least 2 but less than 4 years schools14 and less than 2 years schools.

Compare Selected Schools
Academic Comparison - Minnesota State
NameLocationType/LevelHighest DegreeOffered Degree
Walden University Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Academy College Bloomington, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Alexandria Technical & Community College Alexandria, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
American Indian OIC Inc Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Anoka Technical College Anoka, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Anoka-Ramsey Community College Coon Rapids, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Augsburg University Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Riverland Community College Austin, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Northwest Technical College Bemidji, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Bemidji State University Bemidji, MN Public, 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Post-Graduate
Bethany Lutheran College Mankato, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
Bethel University Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Bethel Seminary-St Paul Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Central Lakes College-Brainerd Brainerd, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Carleton College Northfield, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
Concordia College at Moorhead Moorhead, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Bachelor, Master
Concordia University-Saint Paul Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Dakota County Technical College Rosemount, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Martin Luther College New Ulm, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Bachelor, Master
Lake Superior College Duluth, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Cosmetology Careers Unlimited College of Hair Skin and Nails Duluth, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Duluth Business University Duluth, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Minnesota State Community and Technical College Fergus Falls, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Minnesota West Community and Technical College Granite Falls, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Gustavus Adolphus College Saint Peter, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
Hamline University Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Hazelden Betty Ford Graduate School of Addiction Studies Center City, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Master
Hennepin Technical College Brooklyn Park, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Cosmetology Careers Unlimited College of Hair Skin and Nails Hibbing, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Hibbing Community College Hibbing, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Aveda Institute-Minneapolis Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Inver Hills Community College Inver Grove Heights, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Itasca Community College Grand Rapids, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
The Art Institutes International-Minnesota Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Luther Seminary Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Macalester College Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
South Central College North Mankato, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Minnesota State University-Mankato Mankato, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Mayo Clinic School of Medicine Rochester, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Doctorate
Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences Rochester, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - other Certificate, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Argosy University, Twin Cities Eagan, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Mesabi Range College Virginia, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Metropolitan State University Saint Paul, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Minneapolis, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
University of Minnesota-Crookston Crookston, MN Public, 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Bachelor
Minneapolis Business College Roseville, MN Private (for-profit), 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Minneapolis College of Art and Design Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Bachelor, Master, Post-Graduate
Minneapolis Community and Technical College Minneapolis, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Herzing University-Minneapolis Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Minnesota School of Cosmetology-Woodbury Campus WOODBURY, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
University of Minnesota-Duluth Duluth, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
University of Minnesota-Morris Morris, MN Public, 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
Model College of Hair Design Saint Cloud, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Minnesota State University Moorhead Moorhead, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
North Hennepin Community College Brooklyn Park, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
National American University-Roseville Roseville, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Sanford-Brown College-Mendota Heights Mendota Heights, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate, Bachelor
Normandale Community College Bloomington, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
North Central University Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Post-Graduate
Northland Community and Technical College Thief River Falls, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
University of Northwestern-St Paul Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Post-Graduate
Northwestern Health Sciences University Bloomington, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Oak Hills Christian College Bemidji, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Pine Technical & Community College Pine City, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Rainy River Community College International Falls, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Rochester Community and Technical College Rochester, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
College of Saint Benedict Saint Joseph, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
St Cloud Technical and Community College Saint Cloud, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Saint Cloud State University Saint Cloud, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Saint Johns University Collegeville, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Bachelor, Master
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota Winona, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
St Olaf College Northfield, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
Crown College Saint Bonifacius, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Post-Graduate
The College of Saint Scholastica Duluth, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
University of St Thomas Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Empire Beauty School-Bloomington Bloomington, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
St Catherine University Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Rasmussen College-Minnesota St. Cloud, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Saint Paul College Saint Paul, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Southwest Minnesota State University Marshall, MN Public, 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Post-Graduate
Summit Academy Opportunities Industrialization Center Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities New Brighton, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - other Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Vermilion Community College Ely, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Dunwoody College of Technology Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Ridgewater College Willmar, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Minnesota State College Southeast Winona, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Winona State University Winona, MN Public, 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Mitchell Hamline School of Law Saint Paul, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Doctorate
Century College White Bear Lake, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Rochester, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Master, Doctorate
McNally Smith College of Music Saint Paul, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master
Adler Graduate School Richfield, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Master, Post-Graduate
Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College Cloquet, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Capella University Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship and professional practice Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Leech Lake Tribal College Cass Lake, MN Public, 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Hastings Beauty School Hastings, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
White Earth Tribal and Community College Mahnomen, MN Private (not-for-profit), 2-4 years Associate's degree Associate
National American University-Bloomington Bloomington, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
National American University-Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Center, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
PCI Academy-Plymouth Plymouth, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
ITT Technical Institute-Eden Prairie Eden Prairie, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate, Bachelor
University of Phoenix-Minnesota Saint Louis Park, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree Bachelor, Master
American Academy of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Roseville, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - professional practice Master
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts-Minneapolis Mendota Heights, MN Private (for-profit), 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Associate
Institute of Production and Recording Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate
Empire Beauty School-Spring Lake Park Spring Lake Park, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Globe University-Minneapolis Minneapolis, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Doctor's degree - research/scholarship Certificate, Associate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate
University of Minnesota-Rochester Rochester, MN Public, 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Bachelor
CenterPoint Massage and Shiatsu Therapy School and Clinic St Louis Park, MN Private (for-profit), 2-4 years Associate's degree Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
Avalon School of Cosmetology Worthington, MN Private (for-profit), 2-4 years Un-Known Certificate
Nova Academy of Cosmetology Rochester, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
The Salon Professional Academy Rochester, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
ITT Technical Institute-Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Center, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate, Bachelor
Minneapolis Media Institute Edina, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate, Bachelor
Sanford-Brown College-Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Center, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Associate, Bachelor
National American University-Burnsville Burnsville, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Minnesota School of Cosmetology-Plymouth Campus Plymouth, MN Private (for-profit), Less than 2 years Un-Known Certificate, Bachelor, Master, Doctorate, Post-Graduate
National American University-Rochester Rochester, MN Private (for-profit), 4 or more years Bachelor's degree Certificate, Associate, Bachelor
Bethlehem College & Seminary Minneapolis, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree -
Bethany Global University Bloomington, MN Private (not-for-profit), 4 or more years Master's degree -

Key Facts Comparison

The average tuition & fees of Minnesota State is $15,814 for in-state students and $16,615 for out-of-state students. The average acceptance ratio is 68.49% and graduation rate is 47.36%. Next table compares key facts for each schools including acceptance rate, graduation rate, tuition, student to faculty ratio, and student population.

Compare Selected Schools
Key Facts Comparison - Minnesota State
NameTuition & FeesAcceptance RateGraduation RateStudent Faculty RatioStudent Population
Walden University$12,465-11%18%52,565
Academy College$17,661--11%116
Alexandria Technical & Community College$5,410 / $5,410-61%25%2,689
American Indian OIC Inc$7,910-52%12%48
Anoka Technical College$5,584 / $5,584-30%18%1,922
Anoka-Ramsey Community College$5,059 / $5,059-15%29%9,058
Augsburg University$37,61545%57%13%3,621
Riverland Community College$5,570 / $5,570-33%23%3,202
Northwest Technical College$5,480 / $5,480-39%16%979
Bemidji State University$8,678 / $8,67864%46%21%5,138
Bethany Lutheran College$26,83080%55%10%587
Bethel University$36,21082%76%11%4,016
Bethel Seminary-St Paul$8,963---348
Central Lakes College-Brainerd$5,494 / $5,494-39%24%3,888
Carleton College$52,78223%92%9%2,105
Concordia College at Moorhead$38,37865%73%11%2,132
Concordia University-Saint Paul$21,75057%52%17%4,582
Dakota County Technical College$5,937 / $5,937-39%19%2,566
Martin Luther College$14,68083%73%12%937
Lake Superior College$5,153 / $9,496-28%21%4,793
Cosmetology Careers Unlimited College of Hair Skin and Nails$15,500-77%11%18
Duluth Business University$18,975-31%8%124
Minnesota State Community and Technical College$5,335 / $5,335-36%19%6,316
Minnesota West Community and Technical College$5,692 / $10,838-44%19%3,050
Gustavus Adolphus College$44,08065%81%11%2,250
Hamline University$40,33270%59%12%3,852
Hazelden Betty Ford Graduate School of Addiction Studies$33,131---174
Hennepin Technical College$5,198 / $5,198-30%20%5,610
Cosmetology Careers Unlimited College of Hair Skin and Nails$15,500-27%11%21
Hibbing Community College$5,310 / $6,491-30%18%1,319
Aveda Institute-Minneapolis$19,000-67%16%451
Inver Hills Community College$5,333 / $5,333-19%24%5,050
Itasca Community College$5,325 / $6,507-39%23%1,218
The Art Institutes International-Minnesota$17,410-33%9%340
Luther Seminary$16,999---462
Macalester College$52,46437%88%10%2,146
South Central College$5,423 / $5,423-26%17%2,807
Minnesota State University-Mankato$8,164 / $16,21662%51%23%15,165
Mayo Clinic School of Medicine----235
Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences---8%469
Argosy University, Twin Cities$13,438-21%9%1,324
Mesabi Range College$5,329 / $6,511-34%21%1,210
Metropolitan State University$7,859 / $14,960100%42%17%8,357
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities$14,417 / $26,60344%78%17%51,579
University of Minnesota-Crookston$11,814 / $11,81468%54%16%2,676
Minneapolis Business College$15,100-82%30%231
Minneapolis College of Art and Design$37,81265%65%11%803
Minneapolis Community and Technical College$5,396 / $5,396-12%25%7,982
Herzing University-Minneapolis$13,850100%56%11%315
Minnesota School of Cosmetology-Woodbury Campus$20,150-70%19%136
University of Minnesota-Duluth$13,344 / $18,46277%59%17%11,018
University of Minnesota-Morris$13,072 / $15,09258%64%12%1,771
Model College of Hair Design$15,900-71%18%95
Minnesota State University Moorhead$8,468 / $15,87860%42%19%5,923
North Hennepin Community College$4,420 / $4,420-10%23%6,864
National American University-Roseville$15,000-23%6%152
Sanford-Brown College-Mendota Heights$12,883-35%1%6
Normandale Community College$5,790 / $5,790-19%27%9,810
North Central University$23,48066%48%17%1,111
Northland Community and Technical College$5,549 / $5,549-38%19%3,599
University of Northwestern-St Paul$30,79487%63%17%3,447
Northwestern Health Sciences University$10,684-56%7%858
Oak Hills Christian College$17,31416%43%14%124
Pine Technical & Community College$4,066 / $7,741-33%20%1,319
Rainy River Community College$5,325 / $6,507-32%19%322
Rochester Community and Technical College$5,636 / $5,636-24%23%5,280
College of Saint Benedict$43,73888%84%12%1,958
St Cloud Technical and Community College$5,359 / $5,359-33%24%4,412
Saint Cloud State University$8,228 / $16,46285%45%22%15,744
Saint Johns University$43,35688%79%12%1,849
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota$33,56079%61%20%5,640
St Olaf College$46,00045%88%12%3,040
Crown College$25,43054%48%17%1,328
The College of Saint Scholastica$36,21264%66%15%4,351
University of St Thomas$41,13383%76%14%9,920
Empire Beauty School-Bloomington$18,988-74%16%105
St Catherine University$32,43191%59%11%4,786
Rasmussen College-Minnesota$10,935-31%16%4,786
Saint Paul College$5,560 / $5,560-21%26%6,949
Southwest Minnesota State University$8,610 / $8,61054%50%16%7,495
Summit Academy Opportunities Industrialization Center$5,940-49%17%312
United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities----84
Vermilion Community College$5,325 / $6,506-36%25%653
Dunwoody College of Technology$21,61067%51%11%1,264
Ridgewater College$5,759 / $5,759-44%21%3,580
Minnesota State College Southeast$5,630 / $5,630-31%17%2,039
Winona State University$9,379 / $15,30260%59%18%8,139
Mitchell Hamline School of Law----927
Century College$5,417 / $5,417-14%24%8,925
Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences----304
McNally Smith College of Music$29,30065%41%7%376
Adler Graduate School----298
Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College$5,257 / $5,257-26%17%2,101
Capella University$14,250--22%37,569
Leech Lake Tribal College$3,926 / $3,926-21%9%286
Hastings Beauty School$15,235-59%10%30
White Earth Tribal and Community College$4,281-40%10%77
National American University-Bloomington$15,000-33%7%228
National American University-Brooklyn Center$15,000-14%8%245
PCI Academy-Plymouth$18,213-94%8%103
ITT Technical Institute-Eden Prairie-86%-9%-
University of Phoenix-Minnesota$11,974-13%7%31
American Academy of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine$12,839---88
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts-Minneapolis$10,616-52%20%156
Institute of Production and Recording$18,750-54%8%213
Empire Beauty School-Spring Lake Park$18,988-45%12%86
Globe University-Minneapolis--40%34%-
University of Minnesota-Rochester$13,352 / $13,35266%55%12%435
CenterPoint Massage and Shiatsu Therapy School and Clinic$20,455-73%8%88
Avalon School of Cosmetology$14,900-23%11%25
Nova Academy of Cosmetology$15,500-68%6%39
The Salon Professional Academy$15,800-14%6%15
ITT Technical Institute-Brooklyn Center-79%-14%-
Minneapolis Media Institute$10,265-56%6%85
Sanford-Brown College-Brooklyn Center$11,950-7%3%31
National American University-Burnsville$15,000--1%118
Minnesota School of Cosmetology-Plymouth Campus$20,150-61%16%78
National American University-Rochester$15,000--3%99
Bethlehem College & Seminary$6,08088%86%10%195
Bethany Global University$14,82592%68%23%271
Average$174 / $1501.67%0.46%0.14%31
***All data used in our site is from IPEDS (The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System), U.S. Department of Education. Tuition and costs are based on 2017-2018 data and other data is from 2016-2017 data.